Was William Penn Punished Enough? (Partial List)
- Cork Ireland, Sept. 1668, for attending meeting.
- Tower of London, Nov or Dec-1668 – 8 months; accused (but not tried) of blasphemy, wrote No Cross, No Crown.
- Again in August 1670, for preaching, tried with Quaker William Mead in Mead-Bushell case: established the right of juries to reach their own verdict free of judicial pressure.
- Feb 1671 arrested again for preaching at meeting, held til August for refusing an oath;
- Later 1670s, Penn arrested three more times for religious activity.
- 1688, Arrested twice for being a friend of James II, now dethroned; Penn acquitted, but takes refuge in the country.
- 1690, Arrested twice more, on suspicion of conspiring with James; acquitted again.
- 1708, Arrested, aged 63, for nonpayment of debts; sent to London’s Fleet prison. Held eight months.
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- 1670s: writes and argues for toleration in UK, lobbied for release of Quakers in prison; helps establish religious toleration in New Jersey colony
- 1683, judges the first (& last) Witchcraft trial in Pennsylvania; the accused woman is set free.
- 1682, in his Frame of Government for PA, Penn includes religious freedom, several democratic processes, endeavored to make his colony of Pennsylvania a “holy experiment” for persecuted Europeans to live together.
Quote: As governments are made and moved by men, so by them they are ruined too. Wherefore governments rather depend upon men than men upon governments. Let men be good, and the government cannot be bad. If it be ill, they will cure it. But if men be bad, let the government be ever so good, they will endeavor to warp and spoil it to their turn.“